The Basics of Schools

SoundOut Tools for Students

SoundOut’s basics of schools cover school systems, learning, teaching, leadership, curriculum, testing, extra-curricular activities and school climate. The following sections share details and more info on each.

Basics of School Systems

  1. Schools are places where learning can happen.
  2. Public schools are funded by taxpayers and operated by the government in order to ensure an educated population.

Basics of Learning

  1. Learning is an act of acquiring knowledge and skills, either on purpose or by accident.
  2. Everyone can constantly learn all of the time, no matter what their age, race, gender or amount of intelligence.

Basics of Teaching

  1. Teaching is the act of actively fostering learning. It can be done as a teacher, through facilitating, as a coach, parent or friend.
  2. Anyone can teach things to other people, no matter what their age is. A teacher is hired to teach things for a job; students can be teachers too.

Basics of School Leadership

  1. Leadership is the act of using control to achieve goals.
  2. Every single person is a leader, whether or not another person calls them that or not. You lead your own life, and you influence others to do what you want them to.

Basics of Curriculum 

  1. The curriculum is made of books, websites, teaching styles and activities, as well as the unseen curriculum, including attitudes, discrimination, and the culture of schools.
  2. Curriculum is sometimes mandated by school boards and state education agencies, and sometimes chosen directly by individual teachers.

Basics of Testing

  1. Testing, including assessments, is supposed to be used to determine how well students remember and understand specific subjects. Some testing is required, some is not.
  2. There are many other ways to determine how well a student is learning a subject, including portfolios, self-evaluations and other tools.

Basics of Extra-Curricular Activities

  1. Any activity happening outside the regular classroom still in school is an extracurricular activity, including sports, clubs, honor society and more.
  2. Extracurriculars were originally intended for every student to find something to attach to throughout the school day; not specific students to excel further throughout the day.

Basics of School Climate

  1. School climate, including introduction, negotiation, conflict, resolution and performance, was an original purpose for schools and is often cited as a need for their continued existence.
  2. Every single person in a school is part of that school community, and because of that student voice is only as strong as the quietest voice in schools.

You Might Like…


The U.S. education system, illustrated as a bus by
This graphic illustrates the U.S. education system as a school bus.
Canada Education System
This graphic illustrates the Canadian education system as a school bus.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s